The Tyzacks of Trafalgar Terrace

Photo:Albert Dove and Rose Tyzack

Albert Dove and Rose Tyzack

Photo from Maggie Grimsdell's collection

My maternal great grandmother was born there

By Maggie Grimsdell

My maternal grandmother Rose Margaret Jane Tyzack (Dove) was a special figure in my childhood and I always knew that she was born in a house in Trafalgar Terrace.  As I've recently discovered that I know two people who now live (or have lived) in the Terrace, I've been looking through the family papers and have come up with some information about this side of my family.

She was born at No 12 in 1872

My grandmother was born on 13th September 1872 at No 12, the second of four daughters of Augustus Guy Tyzack and Mary Dawkins (Tyzack).  I've discovered that Augustus Guy (born 5th November 1836) came to Brighton from Wells-next-the-Sea in Norfolk where he was apprenticed at the age of 17 as a carpenter, joiner and cabinet maker.  I still have some of his carpentry tools and a small chest of drawers that he made as an apprentice piece. 

Daughter of Augustus Guy and Mary Tyzack

Augustus Guy married Mary Dawkins in St Nicholas Church on 24th December 1866 and their four daughters were born in 1869, 1872, 1875/6 and 1877/8. Mary died at the age of 44 in 1886.

Attracted to the building boom

My great-grandfather must have been just one of many enterprising people who were attracted to the building boom in the town.  Brighton was expanding rapidly following the growth of the railway and there must have been masses of work for skilled craftspeople.

Worked on various local landmarks

Family stories tell that my great-grandfather worked on local landmarks like the Clock Tower in Preston Park (1891/2) and St Bartholomew's Church, opened in 1874. (My grandmother's husband's cousin, Charles Robey, was later the organist and choirmaster there after 20 years at St Paul's.) He also built houses and shops in Elm Grove (I have the original plans) and maintained a long list of properties for their owners.  I have his card index for all the addresses and they show bundles of properties like this:

Houses in Camden Terrace, Robert Street, Tidy Street, Pelham Street and Cobden Road for P B Whight Esq of 212 New Church Road, Hove

[North Laine streets in bold, both above and in rest of article. Ed.]

Also sold alcohol

As well as the building and carpentry he also seemed to be busy taking on licences for the sale of 'Beer, ale, porter, cider and perry', running the Corporation Tavern (4 Gardner Street) and then the Charlesville Arms (24 Gloucester Road) - 'Good accommodation for Excursionists'. 

Rose Tyzack married Charles Dove

On Christmas Day 1900 my grandmother Rose married Albert Charles Dove in St Nicholas Church and I've been relieved to find out that at this time her two younger sisters (aged 25 and 22) were not all trying to fit into the one house but were living next door, at No 13. Subsequently Rose and Albert moved to 39 Frederick Place (now replaced by offices), had three children and Rose looked after her father (who lived to be 90 and was a recipient of Lloyd George's newly-introduced five-shilling pension - 25p) and her husband, who became disabled by arthritis. 

Non-stop work

She must have worked non-stop.  She had chickens and ducks in the back garden (home-plucked feathers and down for pillows) and she took in visitors:

May 23 1906 - Misses Johnson - fortnight - 17s 6d each - Top Front.

January 1915 - 6 weeks - 4 Soldiers billeted. 17s.6d each per week = £21.

Later on her rates went up to one guinea (£1.05) a week until she stopped taking paying guests at the age of 55. 

She moved after the war

After the Second World War she lived in Guildford Street and then Clifton Street and I spent a lot of time as a child in the North Laine and Clifton areas.


[Previously published in the North Laine Runner, No 237, November/December 2015]





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